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Carl Orff (German: [ˈkaɐ̯l ˈɔɐ̯f]; July 10, 1895 – March 29, 1982) was a 20th-century German composer, best known for his cantata Carmina Burana (1937). With the success of Carmina Burana, Orff disowned all of his previous works except for Catulli Carmina and the Entrata (an orchestration of "The Bells" byWilliam Byrd (1539–1623)), which were rewritten until acceptable by Orff. After several performances of this music, he claimed not to be satisfied with it, and reworked it into the final version that was first performed in 1964. In 1911, at age 16, some of Orff's music was published. In addition to his career as a composer, Orff developed an influential method of music education for children. Imitation, experimentation, and personal expression occur naturally as students become confident and creative problem solvers. Carl Orff was selected to the church choir, and he performed solos also. [citation needed] In his spare time, he enjoyedcollecting insects. In timpul al treilea Reich, Orff a facut tot posibilul pentru a tine capul in jos. Orff ni želel govoriti o svoji preteklosti, zato so biografski podatki, predvsem v času svetovnih vojn, delno zabrisani. With the success of Carmina Burana, Orff disowned all of his previous works except for Catulli Carmina and the Entrata (an orchestration of "The Bells" by William Byrd (1539–1623)), which he rewrote. Like many other composers of the time, he was influenced by the Russian-French émigré Igor Stravinsky. 14, an unfinished large work for baritone voice, three male choruses and orchestra, based on a passage from Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophical novel Thus Spake Zarathustra. Profile: Carl Orff (July 10, 1895 – March 29, 1982) was a 20th-century German composer, most famous for Carmina Burana (1935/6). [21] She has described her relationship with her father as having been difficult at times. Later in the same month he met with Clara Huber, who asked him to contribute to a memorial volume for her husband. Carl Orff was born into an old Bavarian family of officers and scholars. [10] Defenders of Orff note that he had already composed music for this play as early as 1917 and 1927, long before this was a favor for the Nazi regime. His only child Godela (1921–2013) was from his first marriage. The Music for Children volumes were not designed to be performance pieces for the average child. The Carl Orff Schulwerk Method combines music, movement, drama, and speech into lessons that are similar to a child’s world of play. The composer described it as the celebration of the triumph of the human spirit through sexual and holistic balance. Orff's last work, De temporum fine comoedia (Play on the End of Times), had its premiere at the Salzburg Festival on 20 August 1973, and was performed by Herbert von Karajan and the WDR Symphony Orchestra Cologne and Chorus. [6] At age five, Orff began to play piano, organ, and cello, and composed a few songs and music for puppet plays.[2][a]. Orff was reluctant to term any of his works simply operas in the traditional sense. In 1930, Orff published a manual titled Schulwerk, in which he shares his method of conducting. In 1911, at age 16, some of Orff's music was published. His paternal grandfather was a Jew who converted to Catholicism. [9] He was one of the few German composers under the Nazi regime who responded to the official call to write new incidental music for A Midsummer Night's Dream after the music of Felix Mendelssohnhad been banned. His tombstone bears his name, his dates of birth and death, and the Latin inscription Summus Finis (the Ultimate End), which is taken from the end of De temporum fine comoedia. In pedagogical circles he is probably best remembered for his Schulwerk ("School Work"). Given Orff's previous lack of commercial success, the monetary factor of Carmina Burana's acclaim was significant to him. Discover releases, reviews, track listings, recommendations, and more about Carl Orff - Lamenti Trictico Teatrale Liberamente Tratto Da Opere De Claudio Monteverdi at Discogs. [8][11] He then served in the German Army during World War I, when he was severely injured and nearly killed when a trench caved in. Gassenhauer, which Orff composed with Gunild Keetman, was used as the theme music for Terrence Malick's film Badlands (1973). Before writing Carmina Burana, Orff also edited 17th-century operas. Later on, however, many of these earlier works were released (some even with Orff's approval). Orff was buried in the Baroque church of the beer-brewing Benedictine priory of Andechs, south of Munich. német zeneszerző, zenetanár.A 20. századi zene – és benne az akkori német muzsika – egyik leghíresebb és legérdekesebb alakja. Bust of Carl Orff in the Munich Hall of Fame (2009), According to Canadian historian Michael H. Kater (de), during Orff's denazification process in Bad Homburg, Orff claimed that he had helped establish the White Rose resistance movement in Germany. It has been labelled by some as minimalistic, a term which is most pertinent in terms of the melodic line. About his Antigonae (1949), Orff said specifically that it was not an opera but rather a Vertonung, a "musical setting", of the ancient tragedy. These pieces are collectively called Musik für Kinder (Music for Children), and also use the term Schulwerk, and were written in collaboration with his former pupil, composer and educator Gunild Keetman, who actually wrote most of the settings and arrangements in the "Musik für Kinder" ("Music for Children") volumes. His Carmina Burana was hugely popular in Nazi Germany after its premiere in Frankfurt in 1937. In 1930, Orff published a manual titled Schulwerk, in which he shares his method of conducting. In Orff Schulwerk classrooms, children begin with what they do instinctively: play! [1] He had lived through four epochs in the course of his life: the German Empire, the Weimar Republic, Nazi Germany and the post World War II West GermanBundesrepublik. Carl Orff was born on July 10, 1895 in Munich, Germany as Karl Heinrich Maria Orff. Gassenhauer, Hexeneinmaleins, and Passion, which Orff composed with Gunild Keetman, were used as theme music for Terrence Malick's film Badlands (1973). Orff was buried in the Baroque church of the beer-brewing Benedictine priory of Andechs, southwest of Munich. Originally a set of pieces composed and published for theGüntherschule (which had students ranging from 12 to 22),[25] this title was also used for his books based on radio broadcasts in Bavaria in 1949. It has been labelled by some as minimalistic, a term which is most pertinent in terms of the melodic line. Carl Orff began his formal training in 1905 at the Ludwigs Gymnasium. Műveit világszerte ma is a legnagyobb sikerrel játsszák. The composer described it as the celebration of the triumph of the human spirit through sexual and holistic balance. They extend the language of Carmina Burana in interesting ways, but they are expensive to stage and (on Orff's own admission) are not operas in the conventional sense. In 1947, he was awarded the Music Prize of the City of Munich and in 1974 the Romano Guardini Prize by the Catholic Academy of Bavaria. Originally a set of pieces composed and published for the Güntherschule (which had students ranging from 12 to 22),[27] this title was also used for his books based on radio broadcasts in Bavaria in 1949. Like many other composers of the time, he was influenced by the Russian-French émigré Igor Stravinsky. In the mid-1920s, Orff began to formulate a concept he called elementare Musik, or elemental music, which was based on the unity of the arts symbolized by the ancient Greek Muses, and involved tone, dance, poetry, image, design, and theatrical gesture. Lista delle composizioni Opere liriche. Carl Orff (München, 1895. július 10. [15] In it, Orff implored him for forgiveness.[16]. [citation needed] He soon found that he was more interested in composing original music than in studying to be a performer. He had a long friendship with German-Jewish musicologist, composer and refugee Erich Katz,[14] who fled Nazi Germany in 1939. "He had his life and that was that", she tells Tony Palmer in the documentary O Fortuna.[22]. [1] In addition to hisCAREER as a composer, Orff developed an influential approach toward music education for children. A fost compozitor, regizor și scenograf, libretist, actor, încă de mic copil. In 1911/12, Orff wrote Zarathustra, Op. Orff died of cancer in Munich in 1982 at the age of 86. In this highly personal work, Orff presented a mystery play, sung in Greek, German, and Latin, in which he summarized his view of the end of time. They extend the language of Carmina Burana in interesting ways, but they are expensive to stage and (on Orff's own admission) are not operas in the conventional sense. Orff's relationship with German fascism and the Nazi Party has been a matter of considerable debate and analysis. 1925), Gertrud Willert (m. 1939, div. Music was played regularly in Orff´s own home. Orff is best known for Carmina Burana (1935/6), a "scenic cantata". Although his fame rests on the success of a single work, Carmina Burana, Orff was a multi-faceted musician and prolific composer. The story of Antigone has a haunting similarity to the history of Sophie Scholl, heroine of the White Rose resistance movement, and Orff may have been memorializing her in his opera. But while others followed the cool, balanced neoclassic works of Stravinsky, it was works such as Les noces (The Wedding), an earthy, quasi-folkloric depiction of Russian peasant wedding rites, that appealed to Orff. Opere: Antigona (1949) si Oedip der Tyrann (1959), Catulli Carmina (1943) si Trionfo di Afrodite (1951), Carmina burana. The text is a German translation, by Friedrich Hölderlin, of the Sophocles play of the same name. Orff wrote and staged puppet shows for his family, composing music for piano, violin, zither, and glockenspiel to accompany them. He concentrated his energy on music. Teachers using the volumes are encouraged to simplify the pieces, to write original texts for the pieces and to modify the instrumentation to adapt to the teacher's classroom situation. [4][5] His paternal grandmother was Catholic of Jewish descent. He also began adapting musical works of earlier eras for contemporary theatrical presentation, including Claudio Monteverdi's opera L'Orfeo (1607). While "modern" in some of his compositional techniques, Orff was able to capture the spirit of themedieval period in this trilogy, with infectious rhythms and simple harmonies. Renee Fleming--Magda Jeffrey Tate--Conductor English Chamber Orchestra 1997 Margaret Murray, published by, "Personentreffer: Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften", "Re-staging the Welttheater: A Critical View of Carl Orff's Antigonae and Oedipus der Tyrann", 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199558551.003.0018, "Reverberations; Going Beyond 'Carmina Burana,' and Beyond Orff's Stigma", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Carl_Orff&oldid=990916794, Grand Crosses with Star and Sash of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Recipients of the Bavarian Order of Merit, Members of the Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art, Recipients of the Pour le Mérite (civil class), People educated at Eberhard-Ludwigs-Gymnasium, Wikipedia articles incorporating the Cite Grove template, Wikipedia articles incorporating the Cite Grove template with a url parameter, Articles with German-language sources (de), Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2015, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Bairisches Welttheater (Bavarian world theatre), This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 06:54. [8][9] The following year, he composed an opera, Gisei, das Opfer (Gisei, the Sacrifice). West Music has all the Orff instruments and materials you need to get started, including our best selling 4.3 octave marimba! The work was based on thirteenth-century poetry found in a manuscript dubbed the Codex latinus monacensis found in the Benedictine monastery of Benediktbeuern in 1803 and written by the Goliards; this collection is also known as Carmina Burana. Krom lia kariero de komponisto, Orff estas konata kiel aŭtoro de influa metodo de muzikedukado Fruaj jaroj. He had a long friendship with German-Jewish musicologist, composer and refugee Erich Katz,[17] who fled Nazi Germany in 1939. [3] He had lived through four epochs: the German Empire, the Weimar Republic, Nazi Germany and the post World War II West German Bundesrepublik. Carl Orff (10-a de julio 1895 – 29-a de marto 1982) estis germana komponisto. There he developed his theories of music education, having constant contact with children. Verdenskrig og fra 1950 til 1960 var professor ved konservatoriet. If his friendship with Huber was ever discovered, he told her, he would be "ruined". https://opera.fandom.com/wiki/Carl_Orff?oldid=4304, Bairisches Welttheater (Bavarian world theatre). Comoedia de Christi Resurrectione Opere per la Natività. Orff is best known for Carmina Burana (1936), a "scenic cantata". His tombstone bears his name, his dates of birth and death, and the Latin inscriptionSummus Finis (the ultimate goal), which is taken from the end of De temporum fine comoedia. [18], However, in Orff's denazification file, discovered by Viennese historian Oliver Rathkolb in 1999, no remark on the White Rose is recorded;[19] and in Composers of the Nazi Era: Eight Portraits (2000) Kater recanted his earlier accusations to some extent. Given Orff's previous lack of commercial success, the monetary factor of Carmina Burana's acclaim was significant to him. The trilogy as a whole is called Trionfi, or "Triumphs". Carl Orff (1895-1982) was a German composer best known for Carmina Burana. [citation needed] Later on, however, many of these earlier works were released (some even with Orff's approval). Their melodies, rhythms, and accompanying text form a unique union of words and music. Carl Orff was born on 10 July 1895 in Munich, Germany, into a Bavarian family with long tradition of services in the military. The music is elemental and combines movement, singing, playing, and improvisation. He was from a Bavarian family. Later that month, he met with Clara Huber, who asked him to contribute to a memorial volume for her husband. If his friendship with Huber was ever discovered, he told her, he would be "ruined". Influenced by the French Impressionist composer Claude Debussy, he began to use colorful, unusual combinations of instruments in his orchestration.[10]. Orff by happenstance called at Huber's house on the day after his arrest. Orff was a friend of Kurt Huber, one of the founders of the resistance movement Weiße Rose (the White Rose), who was condemned to death by the Volksgerichtshof and executed by the Nazis in 1943. While still a teenager he enlisted, but returned home in 1917 after a near-lethal case of shell shock. His grandfathers, both major generals, were active in a number of different academic fields, Carl von Orff (1828-1905) being involved in geodesy, mathematics and astronomy, while Karl Köstler (1837-1924) was an historian. 1953),Luise Rinser (m. 1954, div. Wracked by guilt,[citation needed] on 19 January 1946 Orff wrote a letter to the deceased Huber. He published his first composition ‘Zarathustra’ in 1911and composed an opera ‘Gisel das Opfer.’ In 1912 Carl Orffjoined the Akademie der Tonkunst (Academy of Music) in Munich and graduated in 1914. Moser's Musik-Lexikon states that Orff studied at the Munich Academy of Music (from 1912) until 1914. Carl Orff (10. juli 1895 – 29. marts 1982) var en tysk komponist og musikpædagog uddannet i München, hvor han tilbragte 2. "He had his life and that was that," she tells Tony Palmer in the documentary O Fortuna.[24]. It was developed by the German composer Carl Orff (1895–1982) and colleague Gunild Keetman during the 1920s. After several performances of this music, he claimed not to be satisfied with it, and reworked it into the final version that was first performed in 1964. This approach to music education was developed by Carl Orff, a German composer, conductor and educator whose most famous composition is the oratorio " Carmina Burana ". They were designed as examples of pieces that show the use of ostinati, bordun, and appropriate texts for children. While "modern" in some of his compositional techniques, Orff was able to capture the spirit of the medieval period in this trilogy, with infectious rhythms and simple harmonies. Hans Zimmer later reworked this music for his True Romance (1993) score. Orff's ideas were developed, together with Gunild Keetman, into a very innovative approach to music education for children, known as the Orff Schulwerk. In 1924 Dorothee Günther [de] and Orff founded the Günther School for gymnastics, music, and dance in Munich. Orff was a Roman Catholic. [11] In it, Orff implored him for forgiveness.[12][13]. The Music for Children volumes were not designed to be performance pieces for the average child. Orff naskiĝis en Munĥeno je 10-a de julio 1895. Orff by happenstance called at Huber's house on the day after his arrest. "Orff" redirects here. The work was based on thirteenth-century poetry found in a manuscript dubbed the Codex latinus monacensis found in the B… For other uses, see, sfn error: no target: CITEREFDangel-Hofmann1999 (, Carl Orff Documentation trans. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. In the mid-1920s, Orff began to formulate a concept he called elementare Musik, or elemental music, which was based on the unity of the arts symbolized by the ancient Greek Muses, and involved tone, dance, poetry, image, design, and theatrical gesture. In 1924 Dorothee Günther (de) and Orff founded the Günther School for gymnastics, music, and dance in Munich. Carl Orff worked until the end of his life to continue the development and … Al 1946-48, risale l’Astutuli, eine bairische Komödie, per il quale Orff tornò alla tradizione antica, riassunta e glorificata nel De temporum Fine Comoedia (1970-71), il sunto delle opere del compositore: si tratta di un lavoro escatologico e visionario che trae spunto da altri testi di Orff… Carl Orff (10th July 1895–29th March 1982) was a German composer, most famous for his Carmina Burana (1937), and an important and influential music educator.. Orff was born in Munich and came from a Bavarian family that was very active in the German military. The Orff Schulwerk, or simply the Orff Approach, is a developmental approach used in music education.It combines music, movement, drama, and speech into lessons that are similar to child's world of play. During the German empire period, his family was active in the army. [13] He was one of the few German composers under the Nazi regime who responded to the official call to write new incidental music for A Midsummer Night's Dream after the music of Felix Mendelssohn had been banned. His father's regimental band supposedly often played the compositions of the young Orff. – München, 1982. március 29.) His mother was an accomplished pianist who taught him when he was a child. Carl Heinrich Maria Orff (10. července 1895, Mnichov − 29. března 1982, Mnichov) byl německý skladatel expresivní hudby a pedagog, po kterém je pojmenován instrumentář tzv. But the composition, with its unfamiliar rhythms, was also denounced with racist taunts. Orff was there as the head of a department from 1925 until the end of his life, and he worked with musical beginners. Orff's relationship with German national-socialism and the Nazi Party has been a matter of considerable debate and analysis. Carl Orff received honorary doctorates from the Universities of Tübingen (1959) and Munich (1972) and also the Great Order of Merit with Star and shoulder ribbon of the Federal Republic pf Germany (1972). He had a short story published in a children's magazine in 1905 and started to write a book about nature. Carl Orff (10 July 1895 – 29 March 1982) was a German composer, most famous for his cantata Carmina Burana (1937). Ezt a hírnevet nemcsak operák és más vokális alkotások révén szerezte, hanem pedagógiai munkásságával is. By the time he was a teenager, having studied neither harmony nor composition, Orff was writing songs; his mother helped him set down his first works in musical notation. Many of the parts are challenging for teachers to play. Carmina Burana was so popular that Orff received a commission in Frankfurt to compose incidental music for A Midsummer Night's Dream, which was supposed to replace the banned music by Mendelssohn. Carl Orff, nemški skladatelj in pedagog, * 10. julij 1895, München, Nemško cesarstvo, † 29. marec 1982, München. [citation needed]. He was also successful and influential in the field of music education. Orff's German version, Orpheus, was staged under Orff's direction in 1925 in Mannheim, using some of the instruments that had been used in the original 1607 performance. [15], However, in Orff's denazification file, discovered by Viennese historian Oliver Rathkolb in 1999, no remark on the White Rose is recorded;[16] and in Composers of the Nazi Era: Eight Portraits (2000) Kater recanted his earlier accusations to some extent. The medieval poems, written in Latin and an early form of German, are often racy, but without descending into smut. Življenje. In 1911/12, Orff wrote Zarathustra, Op. Carl Orff (n. 10 iulie 1895, München, Regatul Bavariei - d. 29 martie 1982, München, Republica Federală Germania) a fost un compozitor german cunoscut pentru muzica sa educațională și de teatru. However, these various activities brought Orff very little money. It is the first part of a trilogy that also includes Catulli Carmina and Trionfo di Afrodite. Originally Jewish by faith, they became Roman Catholic, when his parental grandfather, Carl von Orff, converted to Christianity. Afterwards, he held various positions at opera houses in Mannheim and Darmstadt, later returning to Munich to pursue his music studies. Orffových nástrojů pro výuku hudební výchovy.Největším Orffovým dílem je Carmina Burana, která je zároveň nejznámější skladbou tohoto názvu; slávu si získala zejména první část. Orff's German version, Orpheus, was staged under his direction in 1925 in Mannheim, using some of the instruments that had been used in the original 1607 performance. The music is elemental and combines movement, singing, playing, and improvisation. Essendosi occupato intensamente anche di pedagogia e didattica, ha influenzato profondamente, attraverso lo Orff-Schulwerk, l'educazione musicale. [2] His family wasBavarian and was active in the Army of the German Empire. Many of the parts are challenging for teachers to play. The orchestration relies heavily on the percussion section and is otherwise fairly simple. His paternal grandmother was Catholic of Jewish descent. [3] The concepts of his Schulwerk were influential for children's music education. Carl Orff was born in 1895 into an upstanding Munich family of officers and scholars. His family was Bavarian and was active in the Imperial German Army; his father was an army officer with strong musical interests. Most of Orff's later works – Antigonae (1949), Oedipus der Tyrann (Oedipus the Tyrant, 1958), Prometheus (1968), and De temporum fine comoedia (Play on the End of Times, 1971) – were based on texts or topics from antiquity. There he developed his theories of music education, having constant contact with children. Carl Orff (July 10, 1895(1895-07-10) - March 29, 1982(1982-03-29)) was a 20th-century German composer, best known for his cantata Carmina Burana (1937). 14, an unfinished large work for baritone voice, three male choruses and orchestra, based on a passage from Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophical novel Also sprach Zarathustra. En esta época compuso la música de escena para Leonce und Lena de Büchner. Huber's distraught wife begged Orff to use his influence to help her husband, but Orff declined her request. Carl Orff was born in Munich on 10 July 1895, the son of Paula (Köstler) and Heinrich Orff. The trilogy as a whole is called Trionfi, or "Triumphs". Orff wrote his own texts[clarification needed] and, without a teacher, learned the art of composing by studying classical masterworks on his own. He then served in the German Army during World War I, when he was severely injured and nearly killed when a trench caved in. Life and Music Orff’s family were army officers by profession but they loved music. [19][20] Orff was married four times: to Alice Solscher (m. 1920, div. The composer described it as the celebration of the triumph of the human spirit through sexual and holistic balance. Moser's Musik-Lexikon states that Orff studied at the Munich Academy of Music until 1914. His musical influences were as diverse as … Muzica lui in mare parte a disparut de pe scena, dar a reaparut dupa razboi. Complete your Carl Orff … Carl Heinrich Maria Orff was born in Munich on July 10, 1895. [7][8] The following year, he composed an opera, Gisei, das Opfer (Gisei, the Sacrifice). Orff is most known for Carmina Burana (1936), a "scenic cantata". Gisei ; opera scritta a soli 17 anni e rappresentata per ... Opere per la Resurrezione. Orff was an observant and active Roman Catholic. Live performances of them have been few, even in Germany. The famous work of Orff included cantata Carmina Burana (1937). Developed by Carl Orff in the 1920s, Orff Schulwerk is a revolutionary approach to teaching that combines music, movement, and speech into lessons that mimic a child's play. 1953), Luise Rinser (m. 1954, div. "Fortuna Imperatrix Mundi", commonly known as "O Fortuna", fromCarmina Burana, is often used to denote primal forces, for example in the Oliver Stone movie The Doors. [6] Many of his youthful works were songs, often settings of German poetry. It was conceived during the 1920s and 1930s while he served as music director of the Günther-Schule; a school of music, dance, and gymnastics that he co-founded in Munich. [7] Many of his youthful works were songs, often settings of German poetry. He had very little interest in academics. [14] Defenders of Orff note that he had already composed music for this play as early as 1917 and 1927, long before this was a favor for the Nazi regime. Kater also made a particularly strong case in his earlier writings that Orff collaborated with Nazi German authorities. In pedagogical circles he is probably best remembered for his Schulwerk ("School Work"). Two years later he was shifted to Wittelsbach Gymnasium. There was no evidence for this other than his own word, and other sources dispute his claim. Read Full Biography. Carmina Burana reflected his interest in medieval German poetry. [23] She has described her relationship with her father as having been difficult at times. Orff was a friend of Kurt Huber, one of the founders of the resistance movement Weiße Rose (the White Rose), who was condemned to death by theVolksgerichtshof and executed by the Nazis in 1943. Lia plej vaste konata verko estas kantato Carmina Burana . As I have stated before, Orff was born on 10 July 1895 in Munich, Germany. [citation needed] The text is a German translation by Friedrich Hölderlin of the Sophocles play of the same name. His family was Bavarian and was active in the Imperial German Army; his father was an army officer with strong musical interests. About his Antigonae (1949), Orff said specifically that it was not an opera but rather a Vertonung, a "musical setting", of the ancient tragedy. Orff was born in … In this highly personal work, Orff presented a mystery play, sung in Greek, German, and Latin, in which he summarized his view of the end of time. [17], In any case, Orff's assertion that he had been anti-Nazi during the war was accepted by the American denazification authorities, who changed his previous category of "gray unacceptable" to "gray acceptable", enabling him to continue to compose for public presentation, and to enjoy the royalties that the popularity of Carmina Burana had earned for him.[18]. They fell into the style of Richard Strauss and other German composers of the day, but with hints of what would become Orff's distinctive musical language. Lista delle composizioni di Carl Orff (1895-1982), ordinate per genere. Orff is most known for Carmina Burana (1936), a "scenic cantata". Carmina Burana reflected his interest in medieval German poetry. Live performances of them have been few, even in Germany. But the composition, with its unfamiliar rhythms, was also denounced with racist taunts. As an historical aside, Carmina Burana is probably the most famous piece of music composed and premiered in Nazi Germany. Orff's letter was published in that collection the following year. "Fortuna Imperatrix Mundi", commonly known as "O Fortuna", from Carmina Burana, is often used to denote primal forces, for example in the Oliver Stone film The Doors. It is the first part of a trilogy that also includes Catulli Carmina and Trionfo di Afrodite. [20], In any case, Orff's assertion that he had been anti-Nazi during the war was accepted by the American denazification authorities, who changed his previous category of "gray unacceptable" to "gray acceptable", enabling him to continue to compose for public presentation, and to enjoy the royalties that the popularity of Carmina Burana had earned for him.[21]. Orff died of cancer in Munich in 1982 at the age of 86. His Carmina Burana was hugely popular in Nazi Germany after its premiere in Frankfurt in 1937. [citation needed]. Carmina Burana was in fact so popular that Orff received a commission in Frankfurt to compose incidental music for A Midsummer Night's Dream, which was supposed to replace the banned music by Mendelssohn. Carl Orff Carl Orff (Monaco di Baviera, 10 luglio 1895 – Monaco di Baviera, 29 marzo 1982) è stato un compositore tedesco, noto principalmente per i celeberrimi Carmina Burana (1937).

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